Federatia Organizatiilor Neguvernamentale pentru Dezvoltare din Romania

Development Cooperation

The global context regarding international development cooperation


At the global level:

  • 1 out of 5 people live in extreme poverty, with less than $1.25 per day
  • Half of the world's population live with less than $2.5 per day and 80% with less than $10. Out of 2.2 billion children, half of them live in conditions of poverty
  • 20.000 people die everyday because of hunger and diseases (among them 14.000 are children)
  • 2.5 billion people do not have access to healthcare, out of which 270 million are children
  • 2 billion people do not have access to drinkable water, out of which 400 million are children
  • Half of the world's population has a living expectancy of less than 55 years, 60% out of those who die are children of less than 5 years old.

 Although development cooperation is just a part of the solution, it has a vital role in the processes of eradicating poverty, promotion of social protection, economic increase and of sustainable development (Final Declaration of the High Level Forum on Development Effectiveness, 2011)
The development cooperation policy represents a special policy of the European Union, through which EU offers development assistance for the developing countries, in its role as the biggest donator in the world.
The official development assistance represents the aid given to developing countries, within a bilateral and multilateral framework, through technical assistance, grants, credits or other forms of cooperation. The development cooperation policy seks to decrease and in the future - to eradicate extreme poverty, by supporting social and economic development of the developing countries, the gradual integration of these in the global economy and trade, th development and consolidation of democracy, rule of law etc.
 

The criteria of allocation the official development assistance are those set by the Development Assistance Committee within the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). EU offers official development assistance (ODA) on the basis of two main criteria:
        a) The geographical approach - based on three priority geographical regions (Mediterranean Basin, Asia and Latin America, Sub-Saharian Africa);
        b) The thematic/sectorial approach.

The main documents regarding the policy for development cooperation:

  • European Union Treaty (Maastricht, 1993) - by articles 177-181 it regulates EU relationships with the developing countries.
  • European Consensus on Development - it was adopted in November 2005 by the representatives of the governments of member states; in its content, it is highlighted the principles and the values of development cooperation and that the most important objective to be reached is the eradication of extreme poverty.
  • The Cotonou Agreement - it was signed in Cotonou in 2000 for a period of 20 years. It represents a partnership between the European Community and its member states and the ACP state Group - Africa, Caraibe and Pacific, based on multiple dimensions: development cooperation, commercial and economic cooperation, political cooperation, a bigger involvement of the civil society, of the private sector and of other non-state actors.

 

 

 

 

    

 

 

 

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This website was realized with the financial support of the European Union and Austrian Development Agency, through the TRIALOG project.